Sights in Tallinn, Estonia

Tallinn is the capital of Estonia and is rich in culture and history. It was formerly occupied by Nazi and Soviet forces and only became an independent country in 1991.

  • Estonian Open-Air Museum—a sprawling complex with historic Estonian buildings, a chapel dating back to 1699, and an old wooden tavern serving traditional Estonian cuisine and activities such as weaving, blacksmithing, and cooking; Vabaohumuuseumi tee 12
  • Kumu—a futuristic-looking seven story building made of limestone, glass, and copper that contains the largest collection of Estonian art in the country and rotating contemporary exhibits as well as a permanent collection featuring works from the early 18th century to the end of World War II and art from the Soviet era; A. Weizenbergi 34
  • Lennusadam—a maritime museum honoring Estonia’s extensive history with the open seas that was designed in a concrete shell frame fashion and includes a walk-through 1930s naval submarine and ice-breaker and minehunter ships outside; Vesilennuki 6
  • Kadriorg Art Museum—a Baroque palace built by Peter the Great between 1718 and 1736 that has a branch of the Estonian Art Museum that is devoted to Dutch, German, and Italian paintings from the 16th to the 18th centuries and Russian works from the 18th to early 20th centuries; A. Weizenbergi 37
  • Niguliste Museum—a deconsecrated church originally built in the 13th century but was damaged by Soviet bombers in 1944 and a fire in the 1980s but has since been restored and is now home to a branch of the Estonian Art Museum devoted to religious art with artifacts such as painted altarpieces, carved tombstones, and ecclesiastical silverware; Niguliste 3
  • Great Guild Hall—a building dating back to 1410 that was once home to the Great Guild and is now the Estonian History Museum with interactive displays on Estonia, coins dating back to Viking times, military artifacts, and Estonian cultural exhibits; Pikk 17
  • Nuku—a puppet museum which has a collection that introduces the art of puppeteers from different cultures and eras through interactive exhibits and workshops; Nunne 8
  • Tallinn Botanic Garden—a lush garden with 8,000 species of plants scattered between greenhouses, themed gardens, and arboretums; Kloostrimetsa tee 52
  • Tallinn Zoo—this zoo has the world’s largest collection of mountain goats and sheep plus 350 other species of animals such as lions, leopards, elephants, bears, lynx, owls, and eagles; Paldiski mnt 145
  • Kadriorg Park—a large park commissioned by Peter the Great for his wife Catherine I after his conquest of Estonia that has oak, lilac, and horse chestnut trees; a formal pond; gardens; and a playground
  • Tallinn TV Tower—a 341-meter-tall tower opened in celebration of the 1980 Olympics that has great views from the 22nd floor, interactive displays in the space-age pods, and an adventure walk; Kloostrimetsa tee 58a
  • Museum of Occupations—a museum with displays that depict the struggles and hardships of 50 years of occupations briefly under the Nazis and then by Soviets with evocative videos, photos, and artifacts; Toompea 8
  • City Museum—the main branch of the City Museum (there are ten sites overall) is located in a 14th century merchant’s house and illustrates the city’s development from its early days with displays on Estonian language, everyday life, artifacts, and cultural development; Vene 17
  • Alexander Nevsky Orthodox Cathedral—a beautiful onion-domed Russian Orthodox cathedral completed in 1900 known for its icons and frescoes; Lossi plats 10
  • Town Council Pharmacy—the oldest continually operating pharmacy in Europe once run by the same family until 1913 and featuring painted beams and a small historical display; Raekoja plats 11
  • Mikkel Museum—a former kitchen in Kadriorg Palace that now has some of the Estonian Art Museum’s collection with a small collection of paintings and porcelain; A. Weizenbergi 28
  • Estonian Museum of Natural History—a natural history museum with over 300,000 examples of the country’s plants and animals with revolving exhibitions; Lai 29a
  • Maarjamae Palace—a limestone manor house built in 1874 for a Russian count that is now home to the Estonian Film Museum, a branch of the Estonian History Museum focusing on 20th century Estonia, and a Soviet sculpture graveyard; Pirita tee 56
  • Maarjamae War Memorial—a Soviet-era monument with a bowed obelisk set within a concrete plaza with part of the complex built in 1975 as a memorial to Red Army soldiers killed fighting the Nazis; Pirita tee
  • Tallinn Museum of Orders of Knighthood—a museum featuring one of Europe’s largest collections of medals and military insignia; Kuninga 3
  • Estonian National Library—one of independent Estonia’s first public buildings designed with dolomite limestone that has frequent exhibitions on the upper floors; Tonismagi 2
  • Children’s Museum Miaamilla in Kadriorg—a small museum and activity center for children between the ages of 3 and 11 with a child-size grocery store, activity room, and café; L. Koidula 21c, Kadriorg Park
  • Architecture Museum—a museum that displays building and town models and temporary exhibitions; Ahtri 2
  • House of Peter I—a cottage that Peter the Great and Catherine I occupied during their visits to Tallinn that is filled with portraits, furniture, and artifacts from the period; Maekalda 2
  • Draakoni Gallery—a commercial gallery that has small but interesting exhibitions of contemporary art including works from many local artists; Pikk 18



Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania

Vilnius is the capital city of Lithuania and has endured a turbulent history of occupation and violence and has many memorials to victims of the atrocities that occurred within the city and country.

  • Arkikatedra Bazilika—Vilnius’s main cathedral that has been a national icon for centuries and inside is the 17th century Chapel of St. Kazimieras; this cathedral was originally a temple to a pagan god before becoming a church in the 13th century when Lithuania converted from paganism to Christianity (the last European country to convert); Katedros 1
  • Ausros Vartai (Gates of Dawn)—the only remaining gate of Vilnius’s nine 16th century gates which has to the right of the gate a door leading to the Chapel of Our Lady of Vilnius, a room that has its walls covered with metal and silver hearts and an icon of the Virgin Mary known for its healing powers; Ausros Vartu 12
  • Vilnil Museum of Illusions—a fun museum that explores how different illusions work through interactive displays; Vokieciu g.6
  • Apastalu Petro ir Povilo Baznycia (Sts. Peter and Paul’s Church)—a Baroque style church with extensive white décor inside the church including sculptures and intricate stucco carvings; Antakalnio g. 1
  • Paneriai—a forested historic site that serves as a memorial to the many Lithuanian citizens who were killed in the Holocaust; Agrastu 17
  • Money Museum of the Bank of Lithuania—a museum that provides an overview of the monetary development of Lithuania such as the transition to a central bank; Totoriu g. 2/8
  • Anne’s Church—a Gothic church known for its impressive façade; Maironio g. 8
  • John’s Church—a beautiful church located on the campus of Vilnius’s university that was reconstructed in 1749 with a high altar and elaborate blue organ and is known for its adjoining bell tower which can be accessed via a modern glass lift elevator; Sv. Jono g. 12
  • Church of St. Theresa—an early Baroque-style church with ornate carvings and frescoes inside; Aushros Vartu g. 12
  • KGB Museum (Genocido Auku Muziejus)—a museum dedicated to the Russian KGB and its prisoners who had to survive unbearable conditions; Auku g. 2a
  • Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania—a fortified palace that has been remodeled, expanded, destroyed, and rebuilt over the years and is now shown in its restored version of a Baroque palace built for the grand dukes in the 17th century with a central courtyard and ceremonial halls; Katedros aikste 4
  • Antakalnis Cemetery—one of Eastern Europe’s most beautiful graveyards with the burial sites of those killed by Soviet special forces on January 13, 1991, and a memorial that honors Napoleonic soldiers who perished from starvation and injuries in Vilnius while retreating from the Russian army; off Kariu kapu gatve
  • Vilnius University—founded in 1579 during the Counter-Reformation, this university was run by Jesuits for 200 years before being closed by Russians in 1832 and not reopening until 1919, it has 23,000 students and is home to Lithuania’s oldest library with 5 million books including one of two original editions of The Catechism by Martynas Mazvydas (the first book published in Lithuanian); Universiteto gatve 3
  • Mindaugas—a landmark statue that depicts the early unifier of the Lithuanian tribes in the mid-13th century and Lithuania’s first king; Arsenalo gatve 1
  • Gediminas Castle and Museum—the last of a series of settlements and fortified buildings that have occupied the site since Neolithic times and is a brick structure built by Grand Duke Vytautas in the early 15th century with great views of Vilnius and an exhibition that traces the history of the castle over the years with some scale models; Gediminas Hill, Arsenalo gatve 5
  • Tolerance Centre—one of the three main branches of the Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum that has served as a refuge, concert hall, and theatre over the years that displays Lithuanian Jewish art, cultural, and historic collections with a small permanent exhibit on the Jewish avant-garde movement in Vilnius; Naugarduko gatve 10/2
  • Presidential Palace—a classical edifice that is home to the president and chancellery with a ceremonial changing of the guard every day at 6 pm and the flag-hoisting ceremony on Sundays at noon, tours must be booked in advance; S. Daukanto gatve 3
  • Michael the Archangel Church—an early 17th century church built by the Sapiega family with a Gothic nave, colored marble high altar, and alabaster statuary that is a unique example of late-Renaissance architecture with an exhibition inside with religious art, liturgical vessels, rare manuscripts, and reliquaries from Vilnius Cathedral; Sv Mykolo gatve 9
  • Bernardine Church and Monastery—one of Vilnius’s most impressive churches which was extended and improved in the 17th and 19th centuries and converted to a warehouse by the Soviets before being regained by the Bernardine community once Lithuania gained its independence and is now back to its original state with trails to explore the complex; Maironio gatve 10
  • Museum of Applied Art—housed in the Old Arsenal which was built in the 16th century and restored in the 1980s, this museum features temporary exhibitions and a permanent collection of 15th to 19th century Lithuanian sacred art; Arsenalo gatve 3a
  • National Museum of Lithuania—this museum displays artifacts that show how Lithuanians lived from Neolithic times to the 202th century with special collections devoted to the country’s folk traditions such as numismatics with some of the very first Lithuanian coins and burial goods; Arsenalo gatve 1
  • TV Tower—a 326-meter high TV tower with a tall needle that is symbolic of Lithuania’s resilience and strength as 12 pro-independence protesters were killed by the Soviet army here on January 13, 1991, with memorials to the victims near the tower and a revolving restaurant and observation deck at 165 meters high; Sausio 13-osios gatve 10
  • Theatre, Music, and Cinema Museum—a museum with three centuries worth of musical instruments such as the pusline (a primitive Baltic string instrument made from animal bladders) and kankle (plucked fretted-string instruments) as well as memorabilia from Lithuanian and Soviet films and an extensive collection that documents the national theater; Vilniaus gatve 41
  • House of Signatories—the 18th century home where Lithuania’s Declaration of Independence was signed on February 16, 1918, and now has an exhibition of materials related to the National Movement and the signatories; Pilies gatve 26
  • Holocaust Museum—a museum that depicts the destruction of Lithuania’s Jewish community, the Litvaks, through photos, documentation, and firsthand accounts; Pamenkalnio gatve 12
  • Amber Museum-Gallery—a small museum that is dedicated to Baltic gold and what can be created from it with trinkets and jewelry upstairs and in the basement pieces of many-hued amber, kilns, and other archaeological finds; Sv. Mykolo gatve 8
  • Kazys Varnelis Museum—a museum that features the personal collection of Kazys Varnelis, an artist who became famous for his optical and 3D paintings, with the collection including paintings, furniture, sculptures, maps, and books; Didzioji gatve 26
  • Bernadinu sodas—gardens located between Gediminas Hill and the Bernardine Church with riverbanks, paths, trees, and flowerbeds; Maironio gatve
  • Contemporary Art Centre—the largest center for contemporary art in the Baltic region with 2400 square meters of photography, video, installations, exhibits, and events such as lectures, live music, and film screenings; Vokieciu gatve 2
  • Vilnius Picture Gallery—built in the 17th century with additions in the 19th century, this former palace features a permanent collection of Lithuanian art from the 16th to the 19th centuries as well as temporary exhibitions that showcase Lithuanian movements, artists, and mediums; Didzioji gatve 4
  • Energy and Technology Museum—Vilnius’s first power station that operated between 1903-2003, is now home to exhibitions on energy, technology, and their historical development with original machinery for power generation preserved; Rinktines gatve 2
  • Memorial Complex—located on the grounds of the Tuskulenai Manor is this memorial to the victims of violence during the 20th century in Lithuania; Zirmunu gatve 1F
  • Radvilos Palace—a 17th century palazzo that is home to the foreign fine-arts section of the Lithuanian Art Museum; Vilnaius gatve 24
  • Europa Tower—the highest skyscraper in the Baltic region; Konstitucijos Prospektas 7


Shopping in Berlin

Berlin has a decent number of clothing stores, bookstores, and the largest European department store (Kaufhaus des Westens). The stores seem pretty interesting and could lead to hours of browsing and shopping.

  • Andreas Murkudis—a former newspaper office space that was remade into a fashion retailer selling designer clothing for men, women, and children with designers including Kostas Murkudis, Dries van Noten, and Christian Haas, along with accessories and home products; Potsdamer Str. 81e
  • Baerck—a store that has wheeled displays of European and German men’s and women’s clothing by designers such as Stine Goya, Henrik Vibskov, and Hope along with handbags, scarves, lamps, mirrors, and handmade furniture; Mulackstr. 12
  • Bucherbogen—a beloved bookstore with a large selection of books including special editions and out-of-print stock with extensive international books; Stadtbahnbogen 593
  • Chelsea Farmer’s Club—a stylish menswear retailer selling tuxedoes, hunting jackets, a store line of British-style smoking jackets, and other well-designed clothes and fashion accessories; Schluterstr. 50
  • Das Neue Schwarz (The New Black)—a secondhand clothing store with designers including Vivienne Westwood, Helmut Lang, and Yves Saint Laurent; Mulackstr. 38
  • DepartmentStore Quartier 206—Berlin’s most luxurious department store with women’s and men’s designer clothing by the likes of Prada, Givenchy, and Tom Ford as well as cosmetics, perfumes, home accessories, art, and books; Friedrichtsr. 71
  • Do You Read Me—a bookstore with a large selection of magazines and literature with many English titles with subjects including fashion, photography, architecture, interior design, and culture; Auguststr. 28
  • Frau Tonis Parfum—a perfumery where you can create personal scents from vials filled with scents such as acacia, linden tree blossoms, cedarwood, or pink peppercorns that are produced locally; Zimmerstr. 13
  • Galeries Lafayette—a four-level French department store with expensive clothing and luxuries as well as a food department that provides French cuisine and a great produce market; Friedrichstr. 76-78
  • Gestalten Pavilion Store and Café—a bookstore that sells coffee-table books with a wide range of subjects such as craft beer and typography; Bikini Berlin, Budapester Str. 38-50, 2nd floor garden
  • Hallesches Haus—a quirky general store, café, and outdoor cinema that sells terrariums, gardening tools, blankets, housewares, and witty gifts; Tempelhofer Ufer 1
  • Kaufhaus des Westens (Kadewe)—the largest European department store that has seven floors of food and deli counters, a wide variety of goods, champagne bars, beer bars, an atrium café, and a sneaker hall for men as well as services such as gift basket arrangements, travel guides, and an international box office; Tauentzienstr. 21-24
  • Lala Berlin—a trendy boutique run by a former Iranian MTV editor that sells fabric scarves, sweaters, and accessories that utilize a Palestinian keffiyeh pattern; Alte Schonhauser Str. 3
  • Shakespeare and Sons—a bookstore with a nice collection of new and used English books and a small café that has an assortment of freshly cooked bagels; Raumerstr. 36
  • SOTO—a menswear boutique that sells classic and trendy menswear including a store brand called Le Berlinois as well as brands such as Band of Outsiders, Norse Projects, and Our Legacy and self-care products and accessories; Torstr. 72
  • Super Store—a small shop that sells odds and ends from all over the world including Turkey, Italy, and Switzerland and locally made items including linens, housewares, pantry items, and jewelry; Dieffenbachstr. 12
  • The Store X Soho House—a beautiful interior that delivers designer fashion by the Row and Alexander Wang among others as well as cosmetics and jewelry; amenities inside the store include a beauty parlor, laptop workstations, and an organic café; Torstr. 1
  • Voo—a boutique located in a former locksmith’s workshop that sells men’s and women’s clothing, shoes, accessories, and outerwear as well as offering a coffee shop; Oranienstr. 24
  • Wheadon’s Beauty Shop—a beauty store that sells scented candles, lotions, body products, and cosmetic products and has a basement level men’s spa and barbershop as well as a women’s beauty salon; Steinstrasse 17


Sights in Paris

Ah, Paris, what a truly great city this is! Paris is one of those places that many think about visiting and the great attractions such as the Louvre and Eiffel Tower only add to its appeal. Below is just a sampling of places to check out when you’re there.

  • Arc de Triomphe—a 164-foot triumphal arch commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte to celebrate his military success with great sculptures by Francois Rude including La Marsellaise and a magnificent view from the top; Pl. Charles de Gaulle
  • Basilique du Sacre Coeur (Sacred Heart Basilica)—situated above Montmartre, this basilica was commissioned in 1873 and finally completed in 1919 with a great view from the top of the 271-foot dome and inside there is a mosaic situated above the choir entitled Christ in Majesty; Place du Parvis du Sacre Coeur
  • Eiffel Tower—the iconic tower built for the 1889 World Exhibition by Gustave Eiffel that is 1,063-feet tall and a place that is awe-inspiring and romantic for millions of tourists that provides for beautiful views from the top (you can get up there with the elevator); Quai Branly
  • Fondation Louis Vuitton—Paris’s new modern art museum and cultural center designed by Frank Gehry and commissioned by Bernard Arnault (chairman and CEO of Louis Vuitton) featuring his private art collection that has pieces by artists such as Pierre Huyghe, Gerhard Richter, Ellsworth Kelly, Taryn Simon, and Sarah Morris; 8 Av. Du Mahatma Gandhi
  • Hotel des Invalides—a Baroque complex that houses the remains of Napoleon Bonaparte under the large golden dome with a portion serving as a veterans’ residence and hospital as well as featuring the army museum with military artifacts from antique armor to weapons; Pl. des Invalides
  • Jardin des Plantes—once known as the King’s Garden, this series of gardens as well as a variety of museums all situated in 19th century buildings; the museums include the Grande Galerie de l’Evolution, Galerie de Paleontologie, and the Galerie de Mineralogie; also included in this large space are greenhouses with one of the world’s largest collections of tropical and desert plants and the Menagerie, a small zoo
  • Jardin des Tuileries—a landmark French garden that serves as an excellent place to walk and see nearby icons such as the Louvre, Place de la Concorde, and the Eiffel Tower as well as the Musee de l’Orangerie which once was the royal greenhouse and now houses the largest display of Monet’s Water Lilies series; children’s entertainment includes a carousel, trampolines, and an amusement park in the summer
  • Les Arts Decoratifs—this museum shares a wing of the Louvre but has a different entrance and admission fee and features three museums showcasing a collection of decorative arts, design and fashion, and graphic arts such as altar pieces from the Middle Ages and furniture from the Italian Renaissance to the present; 107 rue de Rivoli
  • Musee Carnavalet—a museum that traces centuries’ worth of history of Paris with artifacts such as prehistoric canoes and furniture from Marcel Proust’s bedroom; 16 rue des Francs-Bourgeois
  • Musee Cernuschi—originally the home of a wealthy banker from Milan, this museum features France’s second-most important collection of Asian art with bronze pieces, Neolithic pottery, mingqi tomb figures, and terracotta figures from various dynasties; 7 av. Velasquez
  • Musee d’Orsay—this museum opened in 1986 is home to a world-renowned collection of Impressionist and post-Impressionist paintings on three floors with works by Monet, Degas, Pissarro, Renoir, and Sisley; 1 rue de la Legion d’Honneur
  • Musee Guimet—a museum that has the western world’s largest collection of Asian art including a great collection of Khmer sculpture outside Cambodia, statues and masks from Nepal, funeral art from Tibet, jewelry and fabrics from India, and a 20,000+ showcase of Chinese artifacts; 6 pl. d’lena
  • Musee Marmottan Monet—a museum that has the largest Monet collection with more than 100 pieces donated by his son, Michel, and is located within a 19th century mansion that once acted as the hunting lodge of the Duke de Valmy; 2 rue Louis-Boilly
  • Musee Picasso Paris—a very popular museum that has an immense collection of Picasso’s works that covers almost 54,000 square feet in two buildings including paintings, sculptures, drawings, documents, and archival materials; 5 rue de Thorigny
  • Notre-Dame—a Gothic cathedral that serves as a French landmark with a beautiful interior and exterior and also allows visitors to climb up to the towers by 387 stone steps where the bell that Quasimodo rang in Victor Hugo’s Notre-Dame de Paris is located; Pl. du Parvis
  • Palais Galliera, Musee de la Mode—Paris’s museum of fashion situated within a mansion that was the residence of Marie Brignole-Sale, Duchess of Galliera in the 19th century, and recently renovated with temporary exhibits that focus on costumes and clothing design; 10 av. Pierre-1er-de-Serbie
  • Palais-Royal—a romantic Parisian garden that provides for scenic afternoons sitting in the sun, browsing arcades that feature boutiques including a Stella McCartney boutique, and dining at one of the city’s oldest restaurants; Pl. du Palais-Royal
  • Sainte-Chapelle—a Gothic cathedral that was built by Louis IX and has the oldest stained-glass windows in Paris while inside are relics acquired from the emperor of Constantinople including Jesus’s crown of thorns, pieces of the cross, and supposedly drops of Jesus’s blood; 4 bd. Du Palais
  • The Louvre—the world’s most famous art museum and its largest with 675,000 square feet of art from around the globe including I.M Pei’s Pyramide; Egyptian antiquities; Venus de Milo; the Mona Lisa; and a large collection of Islamic artwork in its 30,000 square foot Arts of Islam exhibition space opened in 2012; Palais du Louvre

Sights in Helsinki, Finland

Helsinki is the capital of Finland and is home to historic sites and museums as well as one of the world’s most northern zoos. It is even home to a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It seems like an interesting place to see and explore.

  • Ateneumin Taidemuseo (Ateneum Art Museum of the Finnish National Gallery)—one of three museums in Finland’s National Gallery is home to major European works but its specialty is traditional and contemporary Finnish art; Kaivok 2
  • Designmuseo (Design Museum)—a collection of Finnish designs including furniture, jewelry, ceramics, and more; Korkeavuorenk 23
  • Ehrensvard Museo—a museum named in memory of Augustin Ehrensvard, a military architect who orchestrated the fortification of the islands of Suomenlinna from 1748-1772, with exhibits such as a model ship collection and officers’ quarters from the 18th century; Suomenlinna B 40
  • Helsingin Taidehall (Helsinki Art Gallery)—home to contemporary Finnish art including paintings, sculptures, architecture, and industrial art and design; Nervanderink 3
  • Korkeasaari Elaintarha (Helsinki Zoo)—one of the world’s most northern zoos with snow leopards and reindeer among other animals with outdoor play equipment for children; Korkea Island
  • Mannerheim Museo (Mannerheim Museum)—a museum located in the former family home of Finland’s president that features his letters and personal belongings, European furniture, Asian art, and military medals and weapons; Kalliolinnantie 14
  • Nyktaiteenmuseo (Kiasma) (Museum of Contemporary Art)—a boldly designed art museum featuring Finnish and foreign art from the 1960s to the present; Mannerheiminaukio 2
  • Seurasaaren Ulkomeseo—an outdoor museum featuring old farmhouses, barns, log buildings, a church boat, and a gabled church
  • Sinebrychoffin Taidemuseo (Sinebrychoff Museum of Foreign Art)—an 1840 neo-Renaissance mansion owned by the wealthy Sinebrychoff family includes Dutch and Swedish 17th and 18th century portraits, landscapes, miniatures, and porcelain along with period decorative furniture; Bulevardi 40
  • Suomen Kansallismuseo (National Museum of Finland)—a uniquely designed museum that features archaeological, cultural, and ethnological artifacts from Finland’s past; Mannerheimintie 34
  • Suomenlinna (Finland’s Castle)—a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is a collection of museums, parks, and gardens with its heart being a fortress and three islands; Suomenlinna C 74
  • Suomenlinna Museo (Suomenlinna Museum)—located in the same building as the visitor center of Suomenlinna, this museum has exhibits about the fortress, its fleet, and early life on the islands of Finland; Suomenlinna C 74
  • Tahtitorninvuori (Observatory Tower Hill)—named after the observatory within, this park features sculptures, winding walkways, and a view of the South Harbor
  • Tuomiokirkko (Lutheran Cathedral of Finland)—this church designed by famed architect Carl Ludvig Engel has steep steps and green domes and a blue-gray interior with white moldings and statues of German reformers Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthon as well as Finnish bishop Mikael Agricola; Unioninkatu 29
  • Urho Kekkonen Museum Tamminiemi—the grand former home of the now deceased Finnish president Urho Kekkonen who lived here from 1956 to 1986 and the interior is filled with gifts given to Finland’s longest serving president including a gift from the US—a cupboard of National Geographic maps of the world; Seurasaarentie 15

Sights in Brussels, Belgium

Brussels like Vienna is another historic city and had the first steam passenger railway in mainland Europe. It is home to great museums, squares, historic structures, and a palace.

  • Grand Place—a medieval square considered one of the most beautiful in Europe with several historic buildings
  • MIM-Musical Instruments Museum—designed in a variety of architectural styles, this museum formerly in the space a department store occupied has 7,000 instruments with 1,500 on display; Rue Montagne de la Cour 2
  • Museum of Natural Sciences—the largest dinosaur gallery in Europe with 30 fossilized Iguanodons and other dinosaurs; Rue Vautier 29
  • Notre Dame du Sablon—a major 14th century Gothic cathedral that highlights the Brabantine Gothic architectural style; Rue de la Regence 3b
  • Royal Museum of the Armed Forces and of Military History—located in two historic halls, this museum is home to ten centuries’ worth of military and technological history with suits of armor, antique firearms and swords, and armored vehicles and airplanes along with paintings, sculptures, decorations, and military uniforms; Parc du Cinquantenaire 3
  • Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium—home to a large collection of Flemish School paintings including several by Peter Bruegel; Place Royale 3
  • Atomium—an atom-shaped set of protruding spheres built for the 1958 World’s Fair of Brussels with one sphere that has an exhibit about the history of the building with others devoted to design and architecture exhibits; Avenue de l’Atomium
  • Centre Belge de la Bande Dessinee (Belgian Center for Comic-Strip Art)—the world’s first museum dedicated to comic strips with more than 400 original plates and 25,000 cartoon works and a bookstore that sells graphic novels and comic books in French and Dutch; Rue des Sables 20
  • Mini Europe—a park filled with scale-models of European monuments such as the Eiffel Tower and the bullrings of Granada; Bruparck
  • Musee des Enfants—a children’s museum for ages two to twelve with hands-on educational exhibits and activities such as dressing up in costumes, a hall of mirrors, tunnels, and an oversize camera; Rue de Bourgmestre 15
  • Musee Magritte—opened in 2009, this museum traces Rene Magritte’s life and artwork through letters, sculptures, films, and canvasse; Place Royale 1
  • Oceade—a waterpark with 14 slides, a tropical area, Jacuzzis, geysers, Turkish baths, and an ice bath; Avenue du Football du Championnat 3
  • Cathedrale St-Michel Et Ste-Gudule—the city’s cathedral that pays homage to Saint Michael, the patron saint of Brussels, and Saint Gudule, the daughter of a 7th-century Carolingian noblewoman, whose relics have been preserved at the cathedral for over 1,000 years; inside is a crypt and treasure rooms and painted windows; Parvis Ste-Gudule
  • Hotel de Ville—a 15th-century building that has a belfry topped by a bronze statue of St. Michael crushing the devil and a gateway where statues of the prophets, female figures with lofty virtues, and effigies of dukes and duchesses; inside are Brussels and Mechelen tapestries; Grand’Place
  • Musee Fin-de-Siecle—an art museum dedicated to the innovative period that occurred between 1868 and 1914 when new directions in European art were explored and covers four floors of art from this period; Rue de la Regence 3
  • Musee Horta—the former residence of Victor Horta, one of the major founders of Art Nouveau, who designed the home with this architectural plan and inside are skylights and his studio; Rue Americaine 25
  • Musees du Cinquantenaire—a museum with a wealth of antiquities and treasures from around the world with a great Egyptian and Byzantine section and displays on Belgian archaeology and Brussels tapestries; Parc du Cinquantenaire 10
  • Palais Royal—the official residence of the Belgian royal family that features tapestries, art, and antiques from around the world and a Congo-inspired mirror room; Pl. des Palais
  • Trainworld—a museum that honors the history of Belgium being the first country to establish a steam passenger railway in mainland Europe; this sight is located in the hangars of Belgium’s oldest functioning station and includes 20 full-size locomotives and educational spaces divided according to the history of railroad technology; Pl. Princesse Elisabeth 5

Sights in Winnipeg

Winnipeg is both the capital and the major city in Manitoba and has great museums, a zoo, parks, and historic sites worth checking out.

  • Leo Mol Sculpture Garden—a sculpture garden with bronze sculptures by Polish immigrant Leo Mol, a pavilion, and a lily pond; 2355 Corydon Avenue
  • Assiniboine Park—a large park with a zoo, English gardens, walking paths, a miniature train, and a theater; 2355 Corydon Avenue
  • Manitoba Legislative Building—the home of Manitoba’s legislature where visitors can watch proceedings of the assembly when it is in session and tour the building on their own every day; 450 Broadway
  • Canadian Museum for Human Rights—a new museum that emphasizes the importance of human rights through interactive technological exhibits, videos, films, and art; 85 Israel Asper Way
  • Manitoba Museum—a great museum with exhibits on the history of Manitoba, the world, and the universe as well as highlighting ecology and astronomy; 190 Rupert Avenue
  • Royal Aviation Museum of Western Canada—situated at Winnipeg Airport, this museum is dedicated to preserving, restoring, and displaying planes from throughout Canada’s aviation history; 958 Ferry Road, Hangar T-2
  • The Forks National Historic Site—a 9-acre park with interpretive displays, sculptures, stone pictographs, and bronze gambling sticks that highlight events throughout the site’s history; 401-25 Forks Market Road
  • Fort Whyte Alive—a 640-acre outdoor destination with an interpretive center; café; aquarium; burrowing oil enclosure; bison prairie; prairie dogs; a pioneer sod house; walking trails; a nature shop; five lakes; and seasonal activities; 1961 McCreary Road
  • Assiniboine Park Zoo—a major tourist attraction with 200 animal species including an arctic species exhibit reputed to be one of the best in the world; musk ox; owls; and caribou; 2595 Roblin Boulevard
  • Winnipeg Art Gallery—Canada’s oldest civic art gallery with over 25,000 works of art from 15th century European paintings to 21st century American multimedia art; 300 Memorial Boulevard
  • Fort Gibraltar—a living history museum with interactive and guided tours about the fur trade with costumed interpreters, a blacksmith shop, winterer’s cabin, and trading post; 866 St. Joseph Street
  • Winnipeg Railway Museum—a railroad museum with antique trains and passenger trains that visitors can walk through; 123 Main Street
  • Le Musee de Saint-Boniface Museum—Winnipeg’s oldest building that is the convent of the Grey Nuns and has artifacts that depict life and culture of French-speaking and Metis residents of Manitoba; 494 Tache Avenue
  • Grand Prix Amusements–a children’s amusement park with go-karts, batting cages, bumper boats, miniature golf, and other activities; 738 Symington Road
  • Manitoba Electrical Museum and Education Centre—a museum that depicts the history of hydroelectric power in Manitoba from the 1880s to the present with a model streetcar, a robot made from over 50 household appliances, and an interactive discovery area; 680 Harrow Street
  • Seven Oaks House Museum—the oldest house in Winnipeg built between 1851-1855 for John and Mary Sinclair Inkster that is a rare log structure that illustrates the history of residents within the Red River settlement during the 19th century; 50 Mac Street
  • Oak Hammock Marsh—a marshy area that is a stopping point for migrating birds as well as a bird sanctuary; Route 200 at Highway 67
  • Living Prairie Museum—a 12-hectare unplowed prairie with a nature center that offers self-guided tours of the land where seasonal wildflowers grow; 2795 Ness Avenue
  • Tinkertown Family Fun Park—a family amusement park with rides, games, and miniature golf; 621 Murdock Road
  • Plug In Institute of Contemporary Art—a modern art gallery with exhibitions from local and international artists; 460 Portage Avenue





Shopping in Victoria

Victoria has small shopping areas and is home to specialty districts such as Antique Row and Chinatown. Some shops have been around since the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

  • Antique Row—a former antiques district that is now home to outlets that sell artisanal food and environmentally sustainable clothing
  • Artina’s—a jewelry shop with Canadian-made jewelry; 1002 Government Street
  • Bay Centre—a downtown shopping mall with 100 boutiques and restaurants; 1150 Douglas Street
  • Chinatown—a Chinese shopping area with imported Chinese goods, fruits and vegetables, children’s toys, wicker fans, and fabric slippers
  • Cook Culture—an upscale kitchenware store in the Atrium Building that also serves as a cooking school that offers workshops on topics such as handling knives and making sushi; 1317 Blanshard Street
  • Cowichan Trading—a well-known store with First Nations jewelry, art, moccasins, and Cowichan sweaters; 1328 Government Street
  • Hill’s Native Art—a First Nations store with souvenirs, totems, masks, jewelry, and Inuit sculptures; 1008 Government Street
  • Idar—a small jewelry store that is home to the workshop of one of the few goldsmiths in America that forges gold by hand and sells gold, silver, and platinum pieces; 946 Fort Street
  • Irish Linen Stores—a small clothing store open since 1917 that sells linen, lace, and hand-embroidered items; 1019 Government Street
  • Lower Johnson Street—a row of Victorian storefronts with designer clothing stores, boutiques, and eco-friendly clothing stores; Johnson Street between Government and Store streets
  • Munro’s Books—a former bank restored into a well-stocked independent bookstore with bargain books in a remainders bin; 1108 Government Street
  • Murchie’s—a company in existence since 1894 that is the city’s oldest tea shop with over 90 varieties of tea and coffees, tarts, and cakes; 1110 Government Street
  • Rogers’ Chocolates—a chocolatier since 1885 that sells a specialty called Victoria creams in 19 different flavors; 913 Government Street
  • Silk Road—a tea shop with over 300 varieties of tea and a tasting bar as well as aromatherapy remedies and spa treatments; 1624 Government Street
  • Trounce Alley—a pedestrian mall with art galleries and upscale clothing stores; north of View Street and between Broad and Government streets

Shopping in Quebec City

Quebec City is home to several shopping districts and malls and also seems to have good markets selling a variety of products.

  • Aux Petits Delices—part of the market at Les Halles du Petit Quarter, this vendor sells specialty cheeses, crackers, charcuterie, and condiments; 1197 av. Cartier
  • Bedo—a chain clothing store with stylish and affordably priced clothes; 1161 rue St-Jean
  • Benjo—a toy store with games, toys, children’s clothing, a café, a well-stocked bookstore with primarily French storybooks, and an electric train that can take you around the store; 550 boul. Charest Est, St-Roch
  • Camellia Sinensis Maison de The—a tea shop with 150 different teas from various locales including China, Japan, and Africa that have been primarily imported by the owners; 624 rue St-Joseph Est, St-Roch
  • Galeries de la Capitale—a large mall with 35 restaurants, 280 stores, an IMAX theater, and an indoor amusement park next to the mall; 5401 boul. Des Galeries, Lebourgneuf
  • Halles du Petit Quartier—a mall with restaurants and shops selling jewelry, fish, flowers, cheeses, pastries, breads, and other items; 1197 av. Cartier
  • L’ Heritage Antiquite—an antique store in the antiques district with Quebecois furniture, clocks, oil lamps, porcelain, and ceramics; 109 rue St-Paul
  • La Baie—a department store with clothes in all sizes from children’s sizes to adult sizes along with household items and cosmetics; Pl. Laurier
  • La Boite a Pain—a bakery with baguettes, multi-grain breads, dessert breads, sandwiches, and salads; 289 rue-St-Joseph Est, St-Roch
  • La Maison Simons—a Canadian chain department store with designer clothing, linens, and household items; 20 cote de la Fabrique
  • Laurier Quebec—the busiest mall in Quebec City with over 300 stores selling fashionable clothing, electronics, toys, and books located adjacent to two other malls, Place de la Cite and Place St-Foy; 2700 boul. Laurier
  • Le Blanc Mouton—a women’s clothing store with locally designed accessories, jewelry, and clothes; 51 Sous le Fort
  • Les Delices de L’Erable—a food store with products made from maple syrup including maple cookies and muffins as well as gelato; 1044 rue St-Jean
  • Les Promenades du Vieux-Quebec—a shopping district with expensive items such as clothing, perfume, and art as well as a restaurant and change bureau; 43 rue de Buade
  • Point d’Exclamation—artisans from Quebec designed the handcrafted bags, jewelry, hair accessories, paper, notebooks, cards, and paintings in this store; 762 rue St-Jean
  • Quartier Petit-Champlain—a pedestrian shopping mall with 50 boutiques, local businesses, and restaurants known for its Quebecois wooden sculptures, weavings, ceramics, and jewelry
  • Signatures Quebecoises—a basement clothing store with designer clothing and accessories; 50 rue St-Joseph Est, St-Roch
  • Zone—a popular electronics store with gadgets, tools, and accessories for home and office purposes; 999 av. Cartier


Shopping in Ottawa, Canada

Ottawa offers a variety of shopping experiences from the Rideau Centre mall to shopping districts such as Sussex Drive and Bank Street.

  • ByWard Market—four square blocks of museums, cafes, specialty food stores, boutiques, galleries, restaurants, pubs, and hair and beauty salons; 55 By Ward Market Square
  • Ottawa Farmers’ Market—has a wide variety of foods, crafts, jewelry, and more; 1015 Bank Street
  • Workshop Studio and Boutique—sells clothes, jewelry, and accessories by over 150 of Canada’s newest designers; 242 ½ Dalhousie Street
  • Cube Gallery—has a selection of works by local artists including paintings and sculptures; 1285 Wellington Street West
  • Astrolabe Gallery—sells a variety of old maps and antiques; 71 Sparks Street
  • Bank Street—a shopping district with bargain goods, shops, boutiques, and antique stores
  • Rideau Centre—a large mall with over 200 stores including Club Monaco, Le Chateau, and Roots; 50 Rideau Street
  • Sussex Drive—a shopping street with local designer stores by designers such as Richard Robinson and Justina McCaffrey

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