Sights in Quebec City

Quebec City is the capital of Quebec and is home to a wealth of historic parks and monuments  in addition to interesting museums and cultural attractions.

  • Aquarium du Quebec—the only aquarium in North America with examples of all five cold-water seal species as well as polar bears, walruses, mollusks, starfish, stingrays, and other fresh and salt-water fish; 1675 av. des hotels
  • Basilique Cathedrale Notre Dame de Quebec (Our Lady of Quebec Basilica Cathedral)—an historic cathedral with a canopied dais over the Episcopal throne; a ceiling decorated with gold leaf; stained glass windows; a large crypt that was Quebec City’s first cemetery; and panels that provide historical context of the church; 16 rue de Buade
  • Boutique des Metiers d’art du Quebec—a boutique that features Quebec’s finest glass art, porcelain, jewelry, and woodworking; 29 rue Notre-Dame
  • Fortifications of Quebec National Historic Site—a French fortified site that began to be built in 1690 by the French to protect against British invaders but could not convince France to take the threat seriously, the walls remained incomplete until after the American Revolution and the War of 1812
  • Grosse Ile National Park—Canada’s version of Ellis Island where between 1832-1937 4.3 million immigrants passed through the port including several Irish refugees from the potato famine some of whom died at the site
  • Henry Stuart House—built in 1849 by the wife of a wealthy businessman, William Henry, this cottage was purchased in 1918 by Adele and Mary Stuart, two philanthropists, who also had an English-style garden behind the house; 82 Grande Allee Ouest
  • Jardin des Gouveneurs (Governors’ Park)—a small park home to the Wolfe-Montcalm Monument, a 50-foot obelisk that memorializes to a successful British and an unsuccessful French general; on the south side of the park are Victorian homes dating from 1850 to 1900 that are now converted into inns, B&Bs, and hotels
  • L’Esclalier Casse-Cou—the city’s first iron stairway was designed in 1893 by Charles Baillairge, a city architect and engineer, and has 59 steps leading to shops and restaurants
  • La Citadelle—the largest occupied fortified base in North America that consists of 25 buildings that were designed to protect Quebec City and act as a refuge and were completed by the British to protect against French and American attacks; since 1920 this has been the base of the French-speaking Royal 22e Regiment and has a museum with weapons, uniforms, and decorations dating back to the 17th century; Cote de la Citadelle
  • Morrin Cultural Centre—a stately building that has served many purposes throughout history including as a prison, the national archives, and one of the city’s first private schools; 44 rue Chaussee des Ecossais
  • Musee de l’Amerique Francophone—a museum that was once a student residence of the Seminaire de Quebec and now focuses on the history of the French in North America through landscape and still-life paintings, French colonial money, scientific instruments, and exhibits; 2 cote de la fabrique
  • Musee de la Civilisation (Museum of Civilization)—a large modern museum with a limestone and glass façade that has two permanent exhibits that explore 400 years of Quebec’s history through artifacts, timelines, films, interviews, and news clips as well as an exhibit on the eleven aboriginal nations in Quebec; 85 rue Dalhousie
  • Musee de la Place Royale—a museum with exhibits and a replica of a 19th century house and a presentation on the history of Quebec; 27 rue Notre-Dame
  • Musee du Fort—a museum providing historical background on soldiers’ weaponry, uniforms, and military insignia worn by Canadian forces during the Battle of the Plains of Abraham and the 1775 attack by American generals Arnold and Montgomery as well as featuring a 400-square-foot replica of the city prepared for battle; 10 rue Ste-Anne
  • Musee National des Beaux-Arts Du Quebec (National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec)—a beaux arts museum with over 22,000 traditional and modern pieces of art from Quebec with the original building home to pieces by Jean-Paul Riopelle, Jean-Paul Lemieux, Alfred Pellan, and Horatio Walker as well as an abandoned prison exhibit in a 1930s building; Parc des Champs-de-Bataille
  • Observatoire de la Capitale—situated on top of the Edifice Marie-Guyart, Quebec City’s tallest building, with a panoramic view of the city from 31 stories up and features 3-D imagery, audiovisual displays in French and English, and a time-travel element; 1037 rue de Chevrotiere
  • Parc Jeanne D’ Arc—a park featuring a statue of Joan of Arc on a horse that symbolizes military courage and the French honoring the memory of a 1759 battle where New France was lost to the British; this park is also where the Canadian national anthem “O

Canada” was played for the first time on June 24, 1880; Avs. Laurier and Tache

  • Plains of Abraham—a park named after Abraham Martin who used the plains as pasture for his cows and where a famous 1759 battle occurred that determined New France’s fate; the park also has a museum depicting 400 years of Canadian history; 835 Av. Wilfrid-Laurier
  • Quebec-Levis Ferry—a ferry that crosses the St. Lawrence River and provides great views of the Quebec City skyline and landmarks such as the Chateau Frontenac and the Quebec Seminary; 10 rue des Traversiers
  • St-Louis Forts and Chateaux National Historic Site—an archaeological site that allows visitors to see artifacts from the former official residence and base of the French and British governors such as wine bottles, kitchenware, walls, and door frames; Terrasse Dufferin
  • Seminaire de Quebec—a seminary founded by Francois de Montmorency Laval, the first bishop of New France, to train priests in the new colony, and where the Universite Laval, the first French university in North America, was situated until the 1950s; 1 cote de la Fabrique
  • Wolfe Monument—a monument that marks the spot where British general James Wolfe died in 1759 during the battle on the Plains of Abraham; Rue de Bernieres and av. Wolfe-Montcalm

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